environmental anthropologist & multispecies ethnographer


090706-090730 INDIA LADAKH 738_edited.png
090706-090730 INDIA LADAKH 738_edited.png

Hello and welcome to morethanhumanworlds


I am a Postdoctoral Research Associate at the University of Sydney’s School of Philosophical and Historical Inquiry. My research explores the intersections of capitalism, ecology, Indigeneity, health, and justice in the Pacific. My theoretical thinking is inspired by interdisciplinary currents including multispecies ethnography and the environmental humanities, as well as Indigenous Studies, Critical Race Studies, and Science and Technology Studies. In 2022, I will embark on a new project exploring human-kangaroo relations in Australia, supported by an Australian Research Council Discovery Early Career Researcher Award (DECRA).


Prior to my PhD, I worked for international Indigenous rights organization Forest Peoples Programme in the United Kingdom and Indonesia. I have also undertaken consultancies for the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation and the United Nations Working Group on the Issue of Human Rights and Transnational Corporations. I am currently Secretary on the Executive Committee of the Australian Anthropological Society, Co-Convenor of the Australian Food, Society, and Culture Network, Co-Convenor of the Biopolitics of Science Research Network, and Co-Convenor of the Multispecies Justice HDR/ECR Collective.

I am keen to forge meaningful collaborations and conversations with Indigenous and decolonial academics, artists, and activists in Australia and beyond, towards a better understanding of and relation to, morethanhuman worlds. For more, check out the morethanhuman matters interview series, or subscribe to the morethanhumanworlds mailing list.

why morethanhumanworlds?

 We live in an era in which humans have become the single most influential geological force on the planet. This epoch, coined the Anthropocene, is also one of mass species extinction, ecological destruction, and precarious futures for humans and for the myriad other-than-human lifeforms that our existence and wellbeing depend upon. Addressing the anthropogenic crisis will require nothing less than recognizing and protecting the morethanhuman worlds that we inherit, inhabit, and eventually pass on.

Morethanhuman worlds encompass plants, animals, elements, climates, and differently situated human communities that unequally bear the burden of ecological ruin and repair. Importantly, morethanhuman worlds invite us to rethink the diverse entanglements of humans with otherthanhuman life, matter, and meaning. Making and remaking such morethanhuman worlds requires care, courage, creativity, and collaboration, as we work within and across species lines towards more livable shared futures.

selected publications


 Chao, Sophie. 2022 “Gastrocolonialism: The Intersections of Race, Food, and Development in West Papua.” The International Journal of Human Rights. Available online

















Chao, Sophie. 2022. “Plantation.” Environmental Humanities. Forthcoming.





Chao, Sophie. 2021. “We Are (Not) Monkeys: Contested Cosmopolitical Symbols in West Papua.” American Ethnologist. Read it here.

Chao, Sophie. 2021. “Eating and Being Eaten: The Meanings of Hunger among Marind.” Medical Anthropology: Cross-Cultural Studies in Illness and Health. DOI:10.1080/01459740.2021.1916013. Read it here.

Chao, Sophie. 2021. “The Beetle or the Bug? Multispecies Politics in a West Papuan Oil Palm Plantation.” American Anthropologist. Read it here.



Chao, Sophie. 2019. “Wrathful Ancestors, Corporate Sorcerers: Rituals Gone Rogue in Merauke, West Papua.” Oceania. 89(3): 266 – 283. DOI:10.1002/ocea.5229. Read it here.

Chao, Sophie. 2018. “In the Shadow of the Palm: Dispersed Ontologies among Marind, West Papua.” Cultural Anthropology. 33(4): 621 – 649. DOI:10.14506/ca33.4.08.  Read it here.





















Chao, Sophie. 2022. “Can There Be Justice Here? Indigenous Experiences from the West Papuan Oil Palm Frontier.” Borderlands. Forthcoming.


Chao, Sophie, and Dion Enari. 2021. “Decolonising Climate Change: A Call for Beyond-Human Imaginaries and Knowledge Generation.” eTropic: electronic journal of studies in the tropics. 20(2): 32 – 54. DOI:10.25120/etropic.20.2.2021.3796. Read it here.

Chao, Sophie. 2021. “Children of the Palms: Growing Plants and Growing People in a Papuan Plantationocene.” Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute. 27(2): 245 - 264. DOI:10.1111/1467-9655.13489. Read it here.


Chao, Sophie. 2020. “A Tree of Many Lives: Vegetal Teleontologies in West Papua.” HAU: Journal of Ethnographic Theory. 10(2): 514 – 529. DOI:10.1086/709505. Read it here.

Chao, Sophie. 2019. “The Plastic Cassowary: Problematic “Pets” in West Papua.” Ethnos. 84 (5): 828 – 848. DOI:10.1080/00141844.2018.1502798. Read it here.

Chao, Sophie. 2018. “Seed Care in the Oil Palm Sector.” Environmental Humanities. 10(2): 421 – 446. DOI:10.1215/22011919-7156816. Read it here.


 Chao, Sophie. 2017. “There Are No Straight Lines in Nature”: Making Living Maps in West Papua.” Anthropology Now. 9(1): 16 – 33. DOI:10.1080/19428200.2017.1291014. Read it here. 


in the media


A news piece on the Australian Research Council Discovery Early Career Research Award, published by the Sydney Environment Institute 2021. 25 August 2021.


An essay on fire lives, deaths, and afterlives, published in the Society for Cultural Anthropology Hotspots Series, "Firestorm: Critical Approaches to Forest Death and Life." 27 July 2021.


A news piece on my forthcoming book, In the Shadow of the Palms: More-Than-Human Becomings in West Papua, recipient of the Duke University Press Scholars of Color First Book Award. Published by the University of Sydney. 28 June 2021.